Living History

Draft, working on this post.

The following is a list of historical figures, selected primarily for having been interesting. Most either were extremely successful, crazy, won or lost key battles, or committed or were victims of atrocities.

I want to quickly summarize their lives using geographical features and cities (rather than modern national borders).

BC Years

1810-1750 BC, Hammurabi, 6th Amorite King of the old Babylonian Empire.

~800 BC, Homer

669-631 BC, Ashurbanipal

600-530 BC, Cyrus II of Persia

551-459 BC, Confucius.

450-404 BC, Alcibiades, Greece, Anatolia. Contemporary of Socrates.

430-355 BC, Xenophon, marched through Northern Iraq and noted huge old cities.

381 BC, King Dao of Chu, Early ruler in the warring states period.

356-323 BC, Alexander III of Macedon, tutored by Aristotle. “Alexander the Great”

350,-285 BC, Pytheas of Massalia, “Pytheas the Greek” Explored from Greece to Britain

367-283 BC, Ptolomy 1, “Ancestor to Cleopatra, inherited Egypt from Alexander the Great”

312-63 BC, Seleucid Empire figure?

247-181 BC, Hannibal Barca, Carthage, Defeated by Hublius Cornelius Scitio Africanus

~-161 BC, Maccabean Martyrs

215,-164 BC, Antiochus IV Epiphanes, Historical monster

80-46 BC, Vercingetorix: Celtic leader who united the Celtic clans against Julius Ceasar, lost, and was executed in Rome.

5 BC-67AD, Paul of Tarsus, wrote much of the New Testament, “Reading from the Letter of Paul to … ”

69-155, Polycarp

100-165, Justin Martyr

202 Irenaeus

244-311, Diocletian, Ended the 3rd Century “crisis of emperors.”

298-373, Athanasius

437, Gunther, Scandanavia, Hungary?, Killed by Attila the Hun, Norse legend.

480-575, Saint Brendan the Navigator, See also Patrick and Brigid of Kildare

500-548, Theodora, “Mabbug, Cyprus, or Paphlagonia, Wife of Justinian, convinced men to stay during Nika riot, insisted on wearing royal purple.

573-634, Abu Bakr, Muhammed’s father-in-law, Sunni leader.

686-741,Charles Martel, Stopped the Muslim advance at Battle of Tours

752-803, Empress Irene, Byzantine Empress. Killed her own son.

885-954,Erik Haroldsson, King of Norway and Northumbria, “Erik Bloodaxe”

-986, Bjarni Herjolfsson, Overshot Greenland and landed on Labrador Coast / Newfoundland

-1014,Samuel of Bulgaria, Lost to Basil II. 99 / 100 of his men were blinded after loss, brutal.

1022-1066, Harold Godwinson, Harold II, Last Anglo-Saxon King of England. Beaten at Hastings, William the Conqueror.

1215-1294, Kublai Khan, Successor to Ghengis

1304-1377, Ibn Battuta, Major traveler. Berber. Never the same path twice.

1336-1405, Tamerlane, Uzbekhyzstan, Murderous.
1371-1433, Ma He / Zheng He, Chinese explorer, huge fleet, did not conquer. He was a eunuch.

1450-1500, Bartolomeu Dias, Cabo de tempestade, Portuguese explorer

1485-1547, Hernán Cortés de Monroy y Pizarro Altamirano, 1st Marquess of the Valley of Oaxaca. Burned his ships and defeated the Aztecs.

1519-1589: Catherine de’ Medici – influenced by Il Principe (2nd book printed on press behind The Bible), married to King of France, instigated St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre.

1583-1634: Albrecht Wenzel Eusebius von Wallenstein – Bohemian military commander influenced by Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden

1635-1695, Michael Toussaint. Became Michael of Ruffine. First Ruffing.